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2002中国·焦作第二届国际太极拳年会推手竞赛规则(English)

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Regulations of Push Hands for the 2nd International Taijquan Annual Conference 2002 Jiaozuo,Ch

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ina,

 
 I、Principles of Competition
 1、The following principles should be carried out : "Lure the oppoonent"s advance into emptiness; harmonize with him,then issue power.Adhere,join,stick to and follow the opponent,without letting goor resisting."One should never use stiff,forceful energy to attack."
  2 、The contestant should adopt the principles of "Peng "(Ward off ),"Lu"(Rollback),"Ji"(Push),"Cai"(Pulldown),"Lie"(Split),"Zhou"(Elbow),"Kao"(Shoulderstroke)to make his opponent lose his balance and therefore fall down or be knocked off the platform. 
 3、One can use his palms to make a sudde attack.
 
 II. Action
 1、Starting:Opponents face each other and each places the right foot on the centre mark.When prepared to begin they make contact with the back of the right wrist.In the second round,

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opponents each places the left on the centre mark and they make contact with the back of the left wrist. The referee gives the command to begin,at which the competitors are required to perform a minimum of two full revolutios (firs anti -clockwise and then clockwise) before initiating any techniques
 2、Target areas:Attacks may be made within restricted areas of the body: from below the base of the neck to above the coccyx or bladder area and the arms.
 3、Competitors may use foot techniques beneath the opponent"s nklebone.

 III.Points 
 The contestant who knocks the opponent down using hand or foot techniques shall be awarded 5 poits. The contestant,who attacks with hand or foot techniques,thus forcig the opponent to fall and rise immediately, shall be awarded 3 points.The contestant who knocks the opponent off the platform or out of the playing field using obvious hand or foot techniques shall be awarded 5 points.The contestant who pushes the opponent off the platform or out of the playing field shall be awarded 1 point.No points shall be awarded to either contestant if they both fall down simultaneously. If the contestants fall one after the other, the one who falls after the opponent shall be awarded 1 point.

 IV、Principles of Penalty 
 1、Personal Violations:
 1) 、Using stiff, forceful energy to attack
 2)、Putting both hands beyond the sides of the opponent 
 3)、Purposely causing the opponent to foul 
 4)、Grabbing the opponent or grabbing the opponent"s clothes
 5)、Attacking before the referee starts the round with verbal or hand signals,or attacking after the referee stops the round with verbal or hand signals 
 6)、Attacking before completing the two full revolutions
 7)、Receiving coaching during the round 
 A warning is issued for cach Personal Violation and every time the contestant is warned the opponent shall be awarded 0. 5 point. If the  contestant is warned six times,the opponent wins.
 2、Serious Personal Violations:
 1)、Striking ,hitting, punching,using head to attack, CHIN NA catching and grappling),pulling hair or beard, elbowing, attacking pvessure points,attacking groin area or gripping the throat,etc
 2)、Attacking any part of boby excluded in the Target Area
 3)、Being rude to the referee or not following instructions of the refereee
 A serious warning is issued for each Serious Personal Violation and every time zhe contestant is seriously warned the opponent shall be  awarded 1 point. If the contestant is seriously warned three times, the oppornet wins.
 3、A competitor may be disqualified for one of the following erious Violations
 1)、Reviling scornfully,laying siege to or humiliating referees on iled 
 2)、Intentionally attacking the opponent"s parts of body that are strictly forbidden to be attacked.

 V. Criteria of Valuation
 1、The contestant shall win if he or she has 20 points more than the opponent in a bout.
 2、The contestant shall win if he or she is injured to the opponent"s foul and therefore can not continue to contest.
 3、If one contestant is injured and can not continue to contest,the opponent shall win.
 4、If one contestant or the coach abstains from the contest,the opponent shall win
 5、At the end of the contest,the contestant who

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gets more points shall win.
 6、If the points they get are the same,the one who gets higher scores in the test of Taijiquan shall win.
 7、If the points are still the same, the one whose weight is less shall win.
 8、If still the same,the one who gets fewer warnings and/or serious warning shall win. 
 9、If still the same, more rounds shall be added until one wins.

 VI、Other requirements of push hands contests shall be satisfied according to the regulations of Taijiquan, stipulated by State Sport General Administration.
 The Contest Department of the 2nd International Taijiquaqn Annual               
                    Conference 2000 Jiaozuo, China,
                            April 24,2002 
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